The word ‘technology’ points to the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes and the machinery and devices developed as a result. We are presently living in a period of fast change, where technological advancements and gaming are transforming the way we live, at the same time driving us further into the profundities of catastrophe in the form of weather change and supply scarcity.
The modern revolution has produced new technologies with tremendous power. This was the change to new manufacturing methods in Europe and the United States, in the time from about 1760 to 1840. This has been achieved by constant industrialization and additional technological improvements in advanced countries all over the world, and the result of this technology on the situation has included the abuse and damage of our natural earth.
These innovations have changed our world in two primary ways; pollution and the reduction of natural resources.
1. Air and water pollution
Air pollution happens when toxic or extreme amounts of gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide, and methane are entered into the earth’s environment. The principal sources all link to technologies that developed following the industrial revolution like the burning of fossil fuels, facilities, power stations, mass agriculture, and wheels.
Water pollution on the other hand is the poisoning of water bodies like lakes, streams, oceans, and groundwater, normally because of human activities. Some of the most typical water pollutants are household waste, industrial effluents and pesticides. A particular example is the production of partially handled wastewater into natural water bodies, which can result in degeneration of aquatic ecosystems.
2. Reduction of natural resources
Resource exhaustion is another negative consequence of technology on the environment. It relates to the consumption of a resource quicker than it can be replaced. Natural resources consist of those that are in existence without people having designed them and they can be both renewable or non-renewable. There are many kinds of resource depletion, with the most difficult being aquifer consumption, deforestation, drilling for fossil fuels and metals, pollution of resources, soil erosion, and overconsumption of supplies.