The importance and functions of the forest

Forests are of great importance for biological diversity and for climate, water and soil. And they provide valuable services for people.

The consequences of climate change represent possible dangers for the forests. At the same time, the demands on the forest, which cannot easily be reconciled, are increasing. Among other things, the demand for wood is growing, while at the same time the forests are supposed to bind carbon in order to protect the climate. In addition, they should be preserved as natural habitats for animals and plants and serve as recreational areas for people who love prank call app.

What the forests can do

Forests are an essential basis of life. Because they are of great importance for nature – that is, for animal and plant species and their habitats – and the environment, that is, for the climate, water and soil.

For nature, forests have a special function as living space. Compared to other areas, they are relatively close to nature, and impairment is usually less – for example from pesticides or noise. Many plant and animal species are dependent on the forest habitat, some of them even on undisturbed forests or large wilderness areas.

Functions and services of the forest are particularly important from a human perspective

Habitat for plants and animals: Without the diversity in the forest, most of the functions listed below could not be fulfilled.

Raw material supplier: Forests provide wood that is very versatile;

Climate regulation: Forests affect the climate on a small and large scale, above all by influencing the water cycle as well as the reflection of solar energy, the wind and the carbon cycle – forests are important carbon stores;

Water storage and filter: Trees and forest soil hold back precipitation and filter the water. In this way they contribute to flood protection and the formation of clean groundwater;

Protection against erosion: The plants of the forest and their roots protect against falling rocks and avalanches, and they prevent the soil from being washed away;

Improvement of air quality and regional climate: Forests filter dust and pollutants from the air, produce oxygen and have a balancing effect on the climate;

Noise protection: the vegetation can keep noise away from settlements;

Recreation: Forests are places for recreation, education and nature experience.

Thus, citizens should contribute to the preservation and protection of forests in everyday life or at work.